Unravel the magic of centuries old history! This ancient royal city's importance lies in its heritage with over 2,000 ancient shrines, temples and stupas. The magnificent architecture, fine mural paintings, brilliant stucco carvings and elegant Buddha images, drive one’s soul into a timeless dream world.
Bagan became a central powerbase in the mid 9th century under King Anawratha, who unified Burma under Theravada Buddhism. It is estimated that as many as 13,000 temples and stupas once stood on this 42 sq km plain in central Myanmar, and Marco Polo once described Bagan as a "gilded city alive with tinkling bells and the swishing sounds of monks' robes". Approximately 2,200 remain today, in various states of disrepair. Some are large and well maintained, such as the Ananda Pahto, others are small tumbledown relics in the middle of overgrown grass.
1. Ananda Temple
2. Ananda Oakkyaung
3. Thatbyinnyu Temple
5. Gadawtpalin Temple
6. Shwesandaw Pagoda
7. Bagan Archaeological Museum
8. Bu Paya or Bu Pagoda
9. Shwegugyi Pagoda
11. Tuyin Taung or Tuyin Hill
12. Tantkyi Taung or Tantkyi Hill
14. Popa Mountain National Park
Ananda Temple is one of the four main temples remaining in Bagan. Ananda temple is considered to be one of the most surviving masterpieces of the Mon architecture. It is also known as the finest largest best preserved and most revered of the Bagan temples. During the 1975 earthquake, Ananda suffered considerable damage but has been totally restored.
It is said to have been built around 1105 by King Kyanzittha. This perfectly proportioned temple heralds the stylistic end of the Early Bagan period and the beginning of the Middle period. In1990, the temple spires were gilded on the 900th anniversary of the temple's construction. The remainder of the temple exterior is whitewashed from time to time.
There is a legend saying that there were 8 monks who arrived one day to the palace begging for alms. They told the king that once. They had lived in the Nandamula Cave temple in the Himalayas. The King was fascinated by the tales and invited the monks to return to his palace. The monks with their meditative powers they showed the king the mythical landscape of the place they have been. King Kyanzittha was overwhelmed by the sight and had a desire for building a temple which would be cool inside in the middle of the Bagan plains. After the construction of the temple, the king executed the architects just to make the style of the temple so unique.
The structure of Ananda temple is that of a simple corridor temple. The central square measures 53 meters along each side while the superstructure in terraces to a decorative cliff rises 51 meters above the ground. The entrance ways make the structure into a perfect cross. Each entrance is crowned with a stupa finial. The base and the terraces are decorated with 554 glazed tiles showing jataka scenes (life stories of the Buddha) thought to be derived from Mon texts. Huge carved teak doors separate interior halls from cross passages on all four sides.
Facing outward from the centre of the cube, four 9.5-metre standing Buddhas represent the four Buddhas who have attained nibbana (nirvana). Only the Bagan-style images facing north and south are original; both display the dhammachakka mudra, a hand position symbolising the Buddha's first sermon. The other two images are replacements for figures destroyed by fires. All four have bodies of solid teak though guides may claim the southern image is made of a bronze alloy. If one stand by the donation box in front of the original southern Buddha his face looks sad; while from a distance he tends to look mirthful. The architecture of the images was so artistic that they happen to make such appearance.
The Buddha Images at four sides are Kassapa at the South, Kakusanda at the North, Konagamana at the East and Gotama at the West.
The eastern and western standing Buddha images are done in the later Konbaung or Mandalay style. A small nutlike sphere held between thumb and middle finger of the east-facing image is said to resemble the herbal pill and may represent the Buddha offering dhamma (Buddhist philosophy) as a cure for suffering. Both arms hang at the image's sides with hands outstretched, a mudra unknown to traditional Buddhist sculpture outside this temple. The west-facing Buddha features the abhaya mudra with the hands outstretched in the gesture of 'no fear'. At the feet of the standing Buddha which is in the western sanctum sit two life-size lacquer statues said to represent King Kyanzittha and Shin Arahan, the Mon monk who initiated the king into Theravada Buddhism. Inside the western portico are two Buddha footprint symbols on pedestals.
Ananda temple festival falls on the full moon of Pyatho (usually between December and January. according to the Lunar Calendar). The festival attracts thousands of locals from near and far. Up to a thousand monks chant day and night during the three days of the festival. Ananda has the best glazed works in Bagan. Originally there was no stairway going up to the top. So artworks were secured from vandalism. But those at the base of the structure are affected by human hands. Glazed layers have been peeled off due to years of touching. All kinds of glazed works are found at Ananda Temple. In the glazed plaques which adorned the base of the structure from the southern to the western entrances are depicted the hordes of Mara's warriors marching out to attack the Lord Buddha and in those glazed plaques that adorned the base from the western to the northern entrances are seen the warriors being defeated by the great miracle of the Lord Buddha. They were fleeing in fright. There are captions below the plaques describing the events presented. Rows of plain colored glazed tiles above and below are meant to produce reflection of the sunlight on the structure. At the terraces above are also glazed plaques depicting the Jatakas (Buddha's birth stories). Beginning from the southwest comer of the first terrace to the northern side of the third terrace is depicted in glazed plaques 537 Jatakas. Each plaque presents one story. The green color plaques are still in perfect condition. Beginning from the northern side of the second terrace where the glazed plaques depicted Tey Mi Jataka to the fifth terrace where the glazed plaques depicted Vessantara Jataka, the last ten lives of the Buddha' are fully told in green coloured glazed plaques. Below each glazed plaques are inscribed the name and number of the Jataka depicted. It will take about two days to study in detail all the glazed plaques on five terraces above and those on either side of four devotional halls.
The stone sculpture works inside the outer vaulted corridors are considered the best of its kind in Bagan. Especially those stone works depicting 80 episodes from Buddha's biography are very excellent works of art. Each piece measures on average 3 feet 6 inches high, 2 feet 5 inches broad and one foot thick. Each work is a piece carved out of a single block of stone. Forty episodes from the last life of the Lord Buddha, starting from Setaketu deva to Prince Sidattha lifting the curtain to take a last look at his wife Yasodaya and newly born son Yahula before he left the palace for a recluse's life in the forest, are depicted in the stone sculptures found In the niches at the lower base of the structure near the northern and western wooden doors.
Originally all the walls of devotional halls were adorned with paintings. As a result of the restoration of Bagan frescos by the Department of Archaeology, paintings on the south-west column of the northern devotional hall were recovered. Also on the walls and ceiling of the eastern devotional hall, north of the statue of standing deva re-appeared the pictures of Buddha Arahats and lotus flowers. At other places on the wall of this hall original paintings are faintly visible under the veneer of lime wash. On the walls of the western entrance appeared floral designs.
The best time to visit Bagan is just after the raining season when all the monuments and pagodas are washed by the rain and the environment is green. It is about October.
If you want to learn about the local people and their traditions, you should go during the festival time which is usually in February but depends on the solar calendar.
The best way to travel around the pagodas is with a horse cart driven by locals.
Ananda Oakkyaung Monastery is located in Old Bagan. It was built during A.D 1137. Ananda Okkyaung Monastery simply meaning Brick Monastery. This is situated within the compound of Ananda Temple. It is a small red brick building. The inside walls are covered in 18th century paintings depicting Buddha’s life and elements of the history of Bagan. The paintings describes that the monastery was built by three brothers.
Ananda meaning Eternity and the first vulnerable monk who resided in this monastery was Shin Thuddhamma Linkara and he died at the age of 69.
During the reign of King Kyanzittha, the vulnerable monk was granted with a place where he could stay in peace and meditate.
Thatbyinnyu Temple is among one of the four significant monuments in Bagan. The temple towers above the other monuments of Bagan. It is the magnificence in white and the Thatbyinnyu takes its name from the Omniscience of the Buddha. Thatbyinnyutanyan is in Myanmar language, Sabbannutanana in Pali and Omniscience is given further explanation in contemporary inscriptions as "knowing thoroughly and seeing widely."
The Thatbyinnyu was built by King Alaungsithu (1113-1163) and it is a transitional temple standing between the Early Style of the Ananda half a mile to the northeast and the Late Style of the Gawdawpalin half a mile to the northwest. It is one of the earliest double-storied temples but the arrangement is different from that of later double-storied temples much as if it were still an experiment in the new form. The plan of the Thatbyinnyu is not unlike that of the Ananda-square with porticoes on all four sides-but the eastern portico projects further than the others breaking the symmetry. This plan is followed in such later temples as the Sulamani and the Gawdawpalin.
Three receding terraces rise above each storey ornamented with crenellated parapets and corner stupas. Above the terraces of the upper storey rises a curvilinear spire surmounted by a slim tapering stupa which takes the temple up to a height of 201 feet.
The eastern portico has a central stairway guarded by two standing door-guardians. The stairway leads to an intermediate storey where a corridor runs around the central mass. Two tiers of windows along the walls make the interior bright and airy but the walls are bare of painting except for some traces in the western portico.
Two stairs built into the thickness of the walls provide access to the terrace above the eastern portico from where an external flight of stairs leads to the upper storey. Here, a huge image of the Buddha is seated on a masonry throne. A further flight of narrow stairs built into the thickness of the walls leads to the terraces above the upper storey.
The terraces of the Thatbyinnyu provide a good panoramic view of Bagan- of the green and brown landscape: the innumerable monument, the broad Ayeyarwaddy river and the distant hills to the east and west. To the southwest of the Thatbyinnyu, there are two tall stone pillars with foliations in an inverted V pattern in a monastery compound. They were the supports for a huge bronze bell of which the chronicles say: "King Alaungsithu offered two great bells: one at the Thatbyinnyu and one at the Shwegugyi. They were cast of pure copper 10.000 adula in weight which are larger by far and nobler than the five great bells offered by his grandfather, King Kyansittha."
To the northeast of the Thatbyinnyu, there is the small gayocho or "tally" temple. To keep count of the bricks in the building of the Thatbyinnyu, one brick was set aside for every 10.000 used and this small temple was built with the bricks thus set aside.
Gadawtpalin Temple is located about 3 miles south of the Bu Pagoda on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. It is about 180 feet high and the structure is common like the Sulamani temple. History The Gadawtpalin Temple was built by King Narapatisithu after building the Sulamani Temple. But the king did not complete the construction. It was completed by his son Htilominlo.
There is a story saying that King Narapatisithu became so powerful and so proud that he proclaimed that his powers were more glorious accomplished matched to his ancestors. Just after that, he became blind until he came to give his regards and his forebears made paid obeisance in atonement for his misdemeanor. As a punishment for his sin, his eyes turned blind. At the advice of the Brahmen astrologers at the court, the king made idols of his ancestors and placed them on the thrones. The King worshipped them asking forgiveness for his sin. He regained his sight. On the place where this ceremony took place was built Gawdaw-palin Pagoda. The name Gawdaw-palin literally means "the throne which was worshipped."
Gadawtpalin is counted as one of the largest shrines of Bagan. The temple is a double-storied temple in the late style. It is square in plan with porticoes on all four sides but with the eastern portico projecting further than the others. In the ground storey, a vaulted corridor runs around a central block against whose four sides are placed images of the Buddha.
Inside the Pagoda There are four Buddha images on the upper storey and 10 Buddha images in the ground floor. At the north-east corner of the brick platform, there is a stone image of sitting Buddha in a house. It is an original artwork. Due to lime wash by the devotees of later period, frescoes are visible only very faintly. At the south-east corner of the precinct is an octagonal Pagoda with two bell posts and at the north-east corner is a zedi of later period.
King Anawrahta built Shwesandaw Pagoda after his conquest of Thaton in 1057. This graceful circular pagoda was constructed at the centre of his newly empowered kingdom. The pagoda was also known as Ganesh or Mahapeine after the elephant-headed Hindu god whose images once stood at the corners of the five successive terraces.
The five terraces once bore terracotta plaques showing scenes from the jalakas but traces of these and of other sculptures were covered by lather heavy-handed renovations.
The pagoda's bell rises from two octagonal bases which top the five square terraces. This was the first monument in Bagan to feature stairways leading from the square bottom terraces to the round base of the pagoda itself. This pagoda supposedly enshrines a Buddha hair relic brought back from Thaton.
There are images housing at four sides. In them, there are hard stone images of Buddha in the posture of Jhana mudra, the intense concentration of mind posture. The palms and soles of the images were incised eight petal lotus flowers. Below these images are stone slabs with grooves to let water go out. It is therefore assumed that lustral water was poured on these images.
The hti which was toppled by the earthquake can still be seen lying on the far side of the pagoda compound. A new one was fitted soon after the quake. The Shwe Sandaw Pagoda was renovated as needed by the trustees of the Paogda with the help of the donors. So it now looks like a modern structure. During renovation, 50 bronze statues of Buddha were discovered near Shwe Sandaw forest monk's monastery. These statues are exhibited at Archeological Museum. Nine bronze Buddha statues discovered after the 1975 earth-quake took place were moved to the Bagan Archeological Museum.
Previously there were stone idols of deva placed back to back at the corners of the terraces. But they are now all damaged due to vandalism. Broken pieces are kept in the image house. Some of these idols are found to be Maha Peinhne devas (Ganesha). That’s why local people call this pagoda Maha Peinhne Pagoda. On the west of Shwe Sandaw Pagoda stands a huge reclining Buddha image of 70 feet long heading towards south. It is sheltered inside an image house. On the walls of the house are original Bagan frescoes in a fair state of preservation.
When people were allowed to climb up the terrace of the pagoda, it was a great spot to view the sunset of Bagan. But nowadays, the stairways have been closed down to keep the ancient monuments in good shape.
The Bagan Archaeological Museum was opened on 17th April 1998 in the world renowned ancient city Bagan in Mandalay Division. Upper Myanmar. It is situated near the Gawdawtpalin Pagoda.
The first museum
The first archaeology museum in the true sense of the term was built near the northern covered cause way of Ananda Temple in 1904 in a very modest way. A small oblong one storey brick building of 60 feet by 30 feet in which some ancient stone inscriptions. Buddha images and other cultural objects collected from the Bagan area were haphazardly displayed. After some years, the museum looked like an overstocked storehouse as a large number of new art objects and antiquities were added.The new museum
In 1976 the site to the south of Gawdawt Palin Pagoda was selected and designated for Archaeological Museum Compound in which an octagonal shaped museum building was constructed. It was displayed very rare and fragile artifacts excavated from ruined Bagan monuments. Three big oblong sheds were built near it as annexure under which stone inscriptions and stone statues of the Bagan Period were displayed. It was called Archaeological Site Museum Bagan and was officially opened in October 1979.
There are many display rooms. On the ground floor there is a fully decorated and air-con hall large enough to hold international conference, symposium, seminar or meeting. On this floor, there is the display room for objects of visual arts of the Bagan Period such as terra cotta, stucco works, wood carvings, stone sculptures, metal works, lacquer works, etc. The showroom exhibits models of 55 different coiffeurs used by fashionable court ladies of the Bagan Period. Originals replicas, ink copies of Bagan stone inscriptions and other forms of epigraphy are shown in the display room. The gallery where paintings by famous Myanmar artists of to-day depicting the social life and military might of ancient Bagan as well as copies of frescoes on walls and ceilings of ancient temples and the display room in which models of Bagan monuments of architectural and artistic are shown wonder.
Going up to the second floor by grand marble floored stairways, we reach the display rooms on religious themes. Here we find that exhibits are Buddha statues and images of various makes, postures and styles providing us some knowledge of Buddhist iconography. In the room of Buddhist Art, objects of all visual Buddhist arts are displayed. Viewers of these objects may well appreciate the depth and extent of Buddhist influence upon Myanmar culture. Here on the second floor is another art gallery but it specializes in religious themes. Paintings by artists of to-day and murals by master painters of Bagan’s time on display in the gallery all represent Bagan pagodas and monuments or depict Buddhist stories - jatakas.
Next above the second floor is the flat roof of the whole building from where pilgrims, visitors and tourists can enjoy a panoramic view of the entire "pagoda land" of Bagan and patiently wait for the right moment to watch the "large orange coloured globe" gradually sinking behind the Tantkyi Taung hill range on the west bank of the mighty
To crown the pleasures of your visit to Bagan, a big bronze statue awaits your attention in the centre of the round-about lawn in the front of the museum’s portico. The statue represents the hero king Pyusawhti (A.D.167-242). The third king in the Bagan dynasty of 55 kings, Legend has that he conquered the five enemies who had been molesting Bagan by slaying them with his mighty bow and arrows. The enemies were the big bird, the big boat, the big tiger, the big flying squirrel and the wild weed bu (gourd). The Bupaya Pagoda standing on the brink of the Ayeyarwaddy River at Bagan is attributed to Pyusawhti. It stands on the site where the hero king finally eradicated the troublesome weed.
Visitors to Bagan have now two grand museums. The entire area of 16 square miles of Bagan Archaeological Zone itself is a field museum of nearly ten centuries old and a splendid modern museum of very recent time.
The legend says that the third king of Bagan, Pyusawhti (AD 162-243), got rid of the gourd-like climbing plant "bu" that infested the riverbanks before becoming the king. He was rewarded by his predecessor. Thamuddarit was the founder of Bagan (AD 108) together with the hand of his daughter and the heir to the throne of Bagan. He then in the commemoration of his good luck built a gourd-shaped pagoda on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River.
This cylindrical Pyu-style stupa is said to be the oldest in Bagan. Bupaya was completely destroyed when it tumbled into the river in the 1975 earthquake but has since been totally rebuilt. The distinctively shaped bulbous stupa stands above rows of crenellated terraces. The view from the river is also a breath-taking one.
You can also hire a boat and take a ride in the Ayeyarwaddy River to get a better view of the pagoda.
Shwegugyi Pagoda was built by King Alaung Sithu during A.D 1141. This pagoda is located near the entrance of the Royal Palace, therefore, it is also known as Nan Oo Paya in Myanmar. Shwegugyi Pagoda was built on top of a 13 feet high platform giving it an impression like a mushroom coming out of the ground. It is facing towards the north of Bagan. It lies on the north of Thabyinnyu Pagoda. It is a cave Pagoda with a Sikhara on the top facing north. The wall of the brick plinth was adorned with glazed tiles of green color. There used to be plaster moldings presenting Deva figures in row. But now only three remain on the southern side. At the north- west corner of the chamber, there is a stone stairway leading to the top. All along the base of the pagoda and the terraces are found decorative glazed tiles of green color still in good condition.
Inside the image house, four Buddha images of brick and cement backing one another are seated around the central pillar. There are two inscribed stone slabs inlaid in the wall of the northern entrance.
The inscription is in Pali, one slab has 47 lines and the other 45. They are Pali poem of 100 stanzas. At the end of the poem are two lines of Sanskrit. The inscription mentions the beginning and completion dates of the construction of the Pagoda. So we learn that it took 7 months and 7 days to build the Pagoda through reading it.
The last two lines in Sanskrit run as follows;
"The construction began on Sunday the 4th waning moon of Kason month in the Sakarit year 503 and Shwegugyi Pagoda was completed successfully on Monday the 11th waning moon of Nataw month in the Sakarit year 503 ".
The inscription also mentions the regional title of King Alaung Sithu as:
" Thihtibuvanaditya pavara dhammaraja".
The inscription says that the king built this pagoda as he wished to attain Nirvana and that the king sought after the noble virtues that he strove to become Buddha himself and that he took refuge in three Gems (The Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha). The inscription continues to mention the king's wishes — he prayed that he would like to do the welfare of himself and of others, he would like to return the debt of gratitude whomsoever he owed he would like to save the sentient beings from the sufferings of the birth cycle (Samsara) and just like Miteya the future Buddha the king would like to become the one much worshipped and adored by humans and divas. There are plaster works of floral designs intricate ornamental backdrops and other stuccos adorning the central pillar. In each of the devotional halls on the north, south and west sides are two statues of Duara-pala deva, one leg up and the other leg down. At each of the four sides of the main building are two windows to let in the breeze totally 6 windows in all. These are original artworks.
On the north-western corner of the pagoda is a small stone staircase leading up to the other levels. Shwegugyi pagoda was constructed between the early and mid Bagan periods. The architectural design of this monument is formed into a place of good lighting and ventilation. There are statues of nats around the platform of the pagoda. There is a great masonry work inside but decorated with glazed greenish coloured plaques from the outside. There are about 20 pagodas with Bagan style glazed plaques and Shwegugyi represents one of those monuments. In the main hall of the pagoda the two original stone inscriptions of the Pagoda are laid. There are also poems and phrases on the walls of the pagoda.
At the devotional halls on the east, west and south sides and the vaulted corridor joining the main building are the big wooden door leaves dedicated by King Bayint Naung (A.D. 1551—81) who renovated Shwegugyi Pagoda during his pilgrimage there. On the door leaves are found beautiful carvings of birds. On the east side only one door leaf survives.
The original fresco on the walls of the main building is visible but only faintly owing to lime wash over them. After chemical cleaning, they will appear in their original colors. The paintings above the great Buddha Image in the northern image house belong to the Kon Baung Period. There are 13 lines of ink inscription of the same period found on the wall left side of the said image. Myanmar chronicles say that King Alaung Sithu being seized by illness in his old age was moved to this Pagoda where he died. King Bayint Naung, the "founder of the second Myanmar Empire”, renovated and embellished Shwegugyi Pagoda in the Sakarit year 913 (A.D. 1551). He also set up a stone pillar at the south-west corner of the devotional hall. It bears eleven lines of inscription dated Sakarit year 913. The inscription says that; "When the king's elder brother became king, he repaired and built monasteries and monuments in his kingdom. He let the tax collectors levy only normal rate. Should they overtax they are destroying Buddha Sasana as well as persecuting the public the clergy and laymen."
Salay is a colorful old religious center in Central Myanmar it is about 1 ½ hours south of Bagan. In between visiting the numerous ancient monasteries, adorned with beautiful woodcarving, you can enjoy the beauty of this compact city of colonial buildings, monasteries and pagodas. The famous monastery "Yoke-Sone-Kyaung'' ,a cultural heritage site in Salay, is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. It is famous with its spectacular woodcarvings and also it is the native town of the famous writer Salay U Pone Nya during the time of the Myanmar Kings.
Salay Yoke Sone Kyaung was built in AD 1882. There are very beautiful artistic work woodcarvings around it and also ancient Buddha image, utensils of Yadanabon 19 century period, and the museum of Myanmar famous writer U Pone Nya in Salay Yoke Sone Kyaung.
Tuyin Taung or the Tuyin hill is located on the eastern side of the Ayeyarwaddy River bank of Bagan.
Similar to Tantkyi Taung Pagoda, another famous pagoda in the Bagan region is the Tuyin Taung Pagoda. Tuyin Taung Pagoda was built during A.D 1059 by King Anawrahta. King Vizaraba from Sri Lanka donated one of Buddha's tooth relics and King Anawrahta duplicated with another one and embedded in the sacred place inside this pagoda.
There are 32 statues of elephants made in ratio to different directions at the base of the pagoda. It is an octagonal shaped designed platform on which the pagoda resides. Many years passed by but still the pagoda is maintained by time to time.
There is a saying that if one could go and pay homage to Shwezigon pagoda, Tantkyi Taung pagoda, Tuyin Taung pagoda and Lawka Nandar pagoda in a single day, a wish comes true.
Tantkyi Taung or the Tantkyi hill is located on the western side of Ayeyarwaddy River which falls on the other side of Bagan. A Pagoda which lies on the Tantkyi Hill is known as the Tantkyi Taung Pagoda. The Tantkyi Taung Pagoda was built during A.D 1059 by King Anawrahta and King Vizaraba from Sri Lanka donated one of Buddha's tooth relics and King Anawrahta duplicated with another one and embedded in the sacred place inside this pagoda.
There are 32 statues of elephants made in ratio to different directions at the base of the pagoda. It is an octagonal shaped designed platform on which the pagoda resides.
Many years passed by but still the pagoda is maintained by time to time. It takes about half a day to travel and visit this place. There are ferries carrying visitors across the Ayeyarwaddy River every early morning.
There is a saying that if one could go and pay homage to Shwezigon pagoda, Tantkyi Taung pagoda, Tuyin Taung pagoda and Lawka Nandar pagoda in a single day, a wish comes true.
Mt. Popa is an extinct volcano that is estimated to have erupted for the final time, over three hundred and twenty thousand years ago. However, popa’s attraction today lies not so much in its geological aspect, but more in its religious and mystical interests which are still prevalent. Popa is popularly recognized as an abode of many "Nats". Popa today is one of the most popular pilgrimage spots in the country. One would need to spend a sizeable amount of time in order to unearth the spiritual and legendary wealth of this sacred mountain.
Popa Mountain National Park is a national park of Burma. It is located in Kyaukpadaung Township in Mandalay Division. It occupies an area of 49.63 square miles (129 km2) and was established in 1989. It surrounds Mount Popa.It is a perfect place for eco-tourism.